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Title of paper
Determinants of Savings in Malaysia
Main Authors Name
Nuraisya Maisara Md Noor Aizuddin
Co Authors
Juliana Mohd Abdul Kadir
Abstract
This study evaluate the responses of economic determinants towards savings in Malaysia. This study uses four determinants of savings such as inflation, economic growth, age dependency ratio and money supply for the period of 31 years from 1986 to 2016. This study focuses only on Malaysia as the subject. All data is collected from the World Bank and Bank Negara Malaysia. Unit root test such as ADF and PP are used to determine the stationarity of data. Ordinary Least Square estimator of regression is applied to analyse the model. From the findings, inflation and economic growth gave positive and significant impact on savings while age dependency ratio and money supply caused negative and insignificant relationship towards savings.
Scope
Business Management
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Published Year
2019
Volume
4
Title of paper
ANALYZING THE ROLE OF QUALITY GOVERNANCE IN GREEN INITIATIVES
Main Authors Name
ZUHAIRAH HASAN
Co Authors
NOOR AZMAN ALI
Abstract
This article presents an analysis of quality governance as an intervening role between the green initiatives implemented by the ISO 14001 EMS firms in Malaysia and the performance of the organizations. Previous research points at the importance of green marketing is expanding and many companies are embracing new strategies. The study aims to investigate the impact of green initiatives on the organizational performance and the quality governance as a moderating factor between the green initiatives and organizational performance. The current research will include green product, green price, green promotion, green distribution, top management, shared vision and financial resources as a green initiative. A total of 150 responses were collected using simple random sampling technique. This study will employ partial least square-structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) as the main statistical technique. The results of testing the hypotheses that predicted; green product, green pricing, top management, shared vision and financial resources significantly positively affects organizational performance.
Scope
Business Management
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vol3_no8.pdf
Published Year
2019
Volume
Volume 3
Title of paper
The Relationship Between Background Music and Customers' Emotion towards Duration of Stay in Restaurants
Main Authors Name
farhan faat
Co Authors
Shakuraitul Aine Shahuri, Natrah Ismail, Nik Mohd Shahril Nik Mohd Nor, Nakia Nordin
Abstract
Foodservice in Malaysia has grown positively and sophisticated. Restaurant atmosphere like colour, scent, temperature, and music becomes essential elements to influence customer behaviour. Based on previous studies shown that music genre, rhythm, and tempo are able to arouse the emotion of customer, thus affect the patrons consumption and duration of stay. Due to that, this study reports the empirical investigation on the background music, emotions and the duration of customers stay in the café restaurant. The finding of this study revealed that background of music managed to arouse the emotion of patrons which lead to lengthening the duration of customer stay and increase the consumption. The positive response among the customer indicates that music in the restaurant plays an integral part. Therefore, it is important for restaurateurs to choose a suitable music to create pleasant atmosphere thus influence the customer emotion.
Scope
Business Management
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Published Year
2019
Volume
4
Title of paper
Assessing the Potential of Knowledge for Retention among Agro Entrepreneurs in Malaysia
Main Authors Name
Zulaika Sauid
Co Authors
Muna Kameelah Sauid, Suhaila Osman, Zarina Begum Ebrahim, Noorzalyla Mokhtar, Nrul Ain Mustakim
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to identify the types of knowledge that are needed to be retained when agro entrepreneurs depart from the organization. It also aims to examine the reasons and strategies for retaining knowledge among Malaysian agro entrepreneurs with various areas of expertise. This study used qualitative method through face-to-face interview with three (3) agro entrepreneurs. The data were analyzed by using ATLAS.ti and presented in themes. It is identified there are five types of knowledge that are needed to be retained from the agro entrepreneurs which are marketing skill, analytical thinking, technical skill, managerial skill, and social networking skill. This study also highlights two main reasons for retaining the knowledge which are for long-term business and customers’ loyalty as well as presenting preferred strategies to retain the knowledge through Community of Practice (CoP), training, and coaching. This study is conducted in order to help entrepreneurs identify critical types of knowledge of entrepreneurs for the purpose of retaining it for future benefits.
Scope
Information Management
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Zulaika Sauid IJ Vol 1 No.1 2018 Assessing the Potential of Knowledge for Retention among Agro Entrepreneurs in Malaysia.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 1
Title of paper
Factors Influencing Digital Forensic Adoption by Malaysian Law Enforcement Agencies
Main Authors Name
Siti Nuur-Ila Binti Mat Kamal
Co Authors
Othman bin Ibrahim Mehrbakhsh Nilashi
Abstract
of digital devices and system. This scenario is seen significant in bringing a great impact to the increasing needs of digital forensic to be recognised as a crucial tool and yet an investigative procedures in facilitating today’s organizations especially the law enforcement agencies to react into the cyber crime cases that fall under their respective jurisdiction. However, in a context of developing country, the adoption nature towards digital forensic by Malaysian law enforcement agencies is unfavourable which ultimately affects an efficient, timeliness, cost-effective, and less-impact of digital evidence investigation. The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors affecting the decision of Malaysian law enforcement agencies to adopt digital forensic. The study employed PRISMA as a reference methodology to identify the factors and developing the initial adoption model. The methodology has revealed 12 factors that influence the adoption decision of digital forensic. These factors are organized into three dimensions under the premise of TOE framework namely technological, organizational and environmental. The study is contributing by addressing the key driving factors that delineate an understanding towards the context of digital forensic as an innovation adoption at the organizational level in which further will be exploited to formulate the adoption model.
Scope
Information Management
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Published Year
2019
Volume
4
Title of paper
The Needs of Special Prison for Syariah Offenders in Malaysia
Main Authors Name
Alizah Ali
Co Authors
Nurulhasni Shaari Noraini Ismail Siti Zarikh Sofiah Abu Bakar
Abstract
Population density among the prison community has been a debating issue in Malaysia. This is might due to the placement of both civil and syariah offenders in one place. It should be highlighted that, the placement of syariah and civil offenders in the same cell could be the root of many problems. Therefore, this study is directed to discuss the needs of separating the placement of the civil and syariah offenders. In the effort of separating these two types of offenders, several aspects need to be pondered upon, which are the policies, objectives, implementations, modules and training faced by them. Other than that, the separation is important in upholding justice, as well as achieving the punishment objectives. This conceptual study involves books, articles, journals and previous literature. Based on the findings, there are a lot of differences between the punishments for civil and syariah offenders, even though they share the same punishment objectives, which are to give them lesson.
Scope
Law
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4. Paper ID 1110.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
Level Of Awareness On The Legal Implications Of Plagiarism Among Adult Learners: A Case Study Of Public And Private Universities In Johor And Melaka
Main Authors Name
ALIZAH BINTI ALI
Co Authors
ROHANI JANGGA NORA BASIR
Abstract
Academic dishonesty has been proven to be found at all levels of schooling from grade school to graduate school due to the convenient accessibility of electronic resources on the Internet. It is a growing problem at post secondary institutions. Academic dishonesty can be defined as dishonest behavior related to academic achievement including cheating, plagiarism, lying, deception and any other form of advantage unfairly obtained by one student over the others. Academic dishonesty may be more prevalent in the near future as universities offer more courses through online distance education. In this research we gathered data concerning the level of awareness on plagiarism and level of awareness on the legal implication of plagiarism among 100 respondents who are adult learners at universities which offer distance education in Malaysia. We conclude that raising awareness about plagiarism might be worthwhile it is no substitute for systematic detection and vigilant enforcement among adult l
Scope
Law
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5. Paper ID 1111.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
Sustainable Solid Waste Management from the perspective of strong regulation
Main Authors Name
HAIDY HENRY DUSIM
Co Authors
NON
Abstract
Despite the importance of the aspect of strong regulation towards a sustainable solid waste management system, there still a few studies focusing on analysing the sustainability of solid waste management from the perspective of strong regulation. Hence, this study aims to analyse the sustainability of the solid waste management system from the perspective of strong regulation. To conduct this study, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah is selected as a case study. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were employed. The quantitative approach is mainly used to support the findings collected from the qualitative approached. Data collected is mainly through interviews, questionnaires and secondary data. Based on the overall findings, the study found that the sustainability of the existing solid waste management system in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah is still considered as unsustainable, as it still has weak regulation. This is reflected when the study found that, the element of strict enforcement and strict regulation in Kota Kinabalu is found to be less strict. Hence, the study suggests that to move towards a sustainable solid waste management system, it is important for the local government in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah to implement stricter enforcement and stricter regulation pertaining to it solid waste management.
Scope
Law
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Published Year
2019
Volume
4
Title of paper
A Study on Precautionary Steps in Purchasing Goods Online
Main Authors Name
YUHANZA BINTI OTHMAN
Co Authors
MIMI SOFIAH BINTI AHMAD MUSTAFFA NUR HAZWANI BINTI MOHAMAD ROSELI ZUHAIRAH BINTI HASSAN RAHAYU BINTI HASSAN
Abstract
Despite of significant development on online transactions in Malaysia, there are also risks and challenges in their applications. Previous researchers contended that, the Malaysian statutes do not sufficiently protect the online shoppers. Although the law requires that the goods purchased must correspond with the descriptions, but the online shoppers still need to take certain precautionary steps to avoid from being cheated. The objectives of this research are to explore the precautionary steps taken by online shoppers before they purchased goods online and to analyze their experiences that may influence purchasing decision. This doctrinal research adopted a qualitative method where 30 respondents were interviewed. The result shows various actions taken by them before purchasing online and most of them relied on their experience before they proceed with second purchases. Thus, this research will enlighten and suggest the precautionary steps for online consumers to adhere to in order to avoid unnecessary risks in purchasing online.
Scope
Law
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Published Year
2019
Volume
4
Title of paper
Enhancing Comprehension With E-Reading Materials
Main Authors Name
Soo Kum Yoke
Co Authors
1. Sofwah MD Nawi 2. Nor Haniza Hasan 3. Rohani Jangga 4. Siti Nuur Ila Mat Kamal
Abstract
This paper examines the use of e-reading materials for motivating and enhancing reading comprehension among ESL learners. It is part of an ongoing research which experiments with the use of one-sentence short stories in an animated form for cultivating ESL reading habits. The sample comprises 26 respondents majoring in various diploma-level courses in a Malaysian higher learning institution. A reading comprehension test was administered to identify the learners’ reading comprehension level according to the Blooms’ taxonomy framework. A survey was then conducted to collect data on their perceptions of the e-reading materials. Data from both instruments was analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings of the study indicate that the ESL learners performed significantly well in both lower and higher order thinking skills as a result of using the animated short stories. They also had positive outlook toward the e-reading materials and the use of group discussions for enhancing their comprehension level.
Scope
Language Studies
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Soo Kum Yoke IJ Vol 1.No.1 2018_Enhancing comprehension with e-reading materials.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 1
Title of paper
Reexamining Academic Reading Skills through the English Language E-Training (ELET) Module Among Unemployed Graduates
Main Authors Name
Noriah Ismail
Co Authors
1. Soo Kum Yoke 2. Normah Ismail
Abstract
The study investigates the effects of the English Language E-Training (ELET) Reading Module in Enhancing the academic reading skills among 30 BBA(Bachelor of Business Administration) unemployed graduates. The research consists of a pretest, the application of the module and the post-test. A survey questionnaire was also deployed in order to find out the participants’ learning styles and readiness towards the ESP e-training program as well as their perception towards the online module. The findings revealed that the ELET Reading module is able to significantly enhance the participants’ academic reading skills. Furthermore, the survey indicates the participants’ readiness and positive reception towards ELET reading module.
Scope
Language Studies
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Noriah Ismail Vol1.no.1 2018_Reexamining Academic Reading Skills of Unemployed Graduates through the English Language E-Training (ELET) Module.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 1
Title of paper
Common Mistakes in Chinese Stroke Writing Among Non-Chinese Learners
Main Authors Name
Ch’ng Looi-Chin
Co Authors
Ting Hie Ling and Chuah Kee-Man
Abstract
The learning of stroke writing is a complicated process yet it is viewed as a fundamental element in Chinese language learning. This has brought great challenges to many learners especially non-native learners. This study aims to identify the types of stroke writing mistakes and the frequency of making the mistakes among the non-native learners. A dictation of 68 words was given to all 50 Foundation Mandarin level 2 Diploma students from Faculty of Business Administration. The words were extracted from their stroke writing exercises in the course’s text book. Data suggested that Stroke Misalignment, Stroke’s Shape and Non-existing Strokes are prominent mistakes done by the learners. The findings of the study recommend that stroke order might be one of the most impactful component to minimize stroke mistakes among the non-native learners. However, further studies need to be done to investigate the teaching methods that can deliver such component effectively
Scope
Language Studies
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1. Paper ID 121.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
Oracy Skills Evaluation of Students' RP Performance Through Lecturer's , Self and Peer Assessment
Main Authors Name
Liaw Shun Chone
Co Authors
1. Rasaya A/L Marimuthu 2. Lim Teck Heng 3. Mah Boon Yih (Dr) 4. Hoe Foo Terng ( Assoc Prof. Dr)
Abstract
Role-play (RP) is an educational method mainly utilized to develop team presentational skills, interdependence and peer feedback. In addition, RP provides great opportunities to train and demonstrate oracy skills among group members. At universities, students passively rely on lecturers to assess their oracy skills in RP activities. In this study, students’ RP performance were evaluated by the lecturer, self and peers. The objectives of this research are: firstly, to determine the determine levels of agreement of assessing students’ RP performance among lecturer, self and peers. 104 diploma hotel students were divided into small groups and needed to RP and their performance recorded in video clips. Findings showed there were almost similar significant differences in oracy skills evaluation scores between lecturers and self as well as between lecturer and peer while there was no significant difference in evaluation scores between self and peer evaluation in four dimensions of oracy skills such as physical, linguistics, cognitive and social and emotional domains. However, oracy skills were perceived by students to have improved slightly in confidence level and teamwork. In conclusion, there were significant differences between oracy skills evaluation scores between lecturers and students (be it self or peer assessed) but students perceived a heightened level of their performance in oracy skills due to constructive feedback during their RP video- taped activity.
Scope
Language Studies
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3. Paper ID 123.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
An Investigation on Multiple Intelligence of Students from Faculty of Business Management (FPP) and Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (FSKM) of Universiti Teknologi Mara (UiTM)
Main Authors Name
Faiz Bin Zulkifli
Co Authors
Afifah Binti Fadhlullah Norida Binti Abu Bakar Rozaimah Binti Zainal Abidin
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to identify the multiple intelligence of students at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Perak and Melaka Campus. Two faculties are involved in this study which are Business Management (FPP) and Computer & Mathematical Sciences (FSKM). 81 FPP students and 43 FSKM students are the respondents of this study which employs the multiple intelligences test identified by Howard Gardner. The survey consists of nine intelligences areas which are linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic and existential. The surveys were conducted online throughout the semester. Descriptive analysis via frequency was performed using horizontal bar-chart to describe the data collected. Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) is used in the data analysis process to test the differences on multiple intelligences between two faculties. Overall, FPP scores are higher than FSKM in all multiple intelligences. This research is being supported from the previous research done by Salehi and Germai (2012). Traditionally, Social Sciences students would typically be perceived to have more Linguistics Intelligence while Science Technology students would be more inclined to have more Mathematical Intelligence. The findings can be used by educators to translate it into approaches in learning strategies and to incorporate it into the curriculum.
Scope
Education
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Faiz Zulkif IJ Vol.1No.1_An Investigation on Multiple Intelligence of Students from Faculty of Business Management (FPP) and Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences (FSKM) of Universiti Teknologi Mar.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 1
Title of paper
Students’ Academic Achievement for Taxation Courses – A Comparative Study
Main Authors Name
Saunah Zainon
Co Authors
Syahrul Ahmar Ahmad Siti Masnah Saringat
Abstract
Accounting education is a discipline, profession and platform for academicians as educators and researchers to conduct various studies on students’ academic achievement. Various courses offered in the field of accounting, such as financial reporting, management accounting, auditing and taxation. The taxation course is specifically evolving in response to changes in economy, budgets, environment and the needs of the stakeholders. In line with these changes, accounting educators continue to refine the content of the taxation course through curriculum review to reflect the most current and relevant needs of the stakeholders. Taxation courses at under graduate levels basically involve two major streams: individual taxation and corporate taxation. The content delivery of these taxation courses are merely in the form of lectures, tutorials and other means of conveyances such as presentations and assignments. Various ways of teaching delivery methods enable rewarding and exciting teaching and learning environment of the taxation courses, which results in an improvement of the students’ academic achievement. As such, this study asserts to determine if there is any difference in the students’ academic achievement for taxation courses with the two different streams of an individual taxation and corporate taxation for two groups of students. The students’ academic achievement of their final semester of grade point average and the taxation courses grades were extracted from their academic records for data analysis. The independent t-test results found that there is a no significant difference between the two groups of students for an individual taxation course, whilst there is a significant difference for corporate taxation course for the two groups of students.
Scope
Education
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Saunah Zainon IJ Vol.1 No.1 2018 _Students’ Academic Achievement for Taxation Courses.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 1
Title of paper
The effectiveness of forced-presentation method on students’ learning experience
Main Authors Name
Ilyanie Hj Yaacob
Co Authors
Zuraida Jaafar, Sarini Ahmad Wakid, Mohd Zaini Nawahwi, Nur Intan Hasbullah, Nor ‘Aishah Hasan
Abstract
The aim of this study are to attain more understanding about students’ preferences and perception on different methods of group presentation during lecture session. The study involved 97 students from Diploma in Microbiology in UiTM Cawangan Negeri Sembilan, Kampus Kuala Pilah. All students were exposed to two methods of group presentation, which are named as ‘conventional-presentation method (CPM)’ and ‘forced-presentation method (FPM)’. Data were obtained from self-administered questionnaire which measured students’ preparation, learning experiences, assessment and overall satisfaction for both methods. The responses were measured using a 10-Point Interval Scale rating with 1 showed “strongly disagree” whilst 10 showed “strongly agree”. Results showed that there are significant difference on perception between mean score of conventional-presentation method and the mean score of forced-presentation method for construct learning experiences, assessment, and overall satisfaction (p-values are less than 0.05). It can be concluded that students prefer forced-presentation method to enhance their learning experiences
Scope
Education
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6. Paper ID 1210.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
Game-Based Learning Approach To Improve Students’ Learning Process in a Political Science Subject
Main Authors Name
`Ainatul Fathiyah binti Abdul Rahim
Co Authors
Nursyahida Zulkifli, Rafizah Mohd Noor, Shamsinar Rahman, Muhammad Ariff Asyrul Adnan
Abstract
Learning politics is vital for students especially for Diploma in Public Administration students. However, they often encounter difficulties in understanding the concepts, theories and processes that lead them to find it very complex thus reduce their interest to learn. It has been proven that by using a game-based pedagogical model, it brings benefits in the process to make complex educational concepts more approachable to the learners. Therefore, this paper attempts to explore students’ perception towards an education game called “Political Fun Race” game. Political Fun Race is a game that is inspired by one of the popular childhood games; Snake and Ladder. It is purposely designed to create an exploration to boost the interest of the students in Diploma in Public Administration in seeking political knowledge and it is deliberately developed to help them understand the major concepts in the political science such as power, government, law and governance deeper. This game aims to improve the students’ learning process via a game as a learning tool to add on besides lectures and traditional classroom. It consists of four (4) divided components (board, dice, counter and questions cards). The questionnaires were distributed to all part two students who enrolled in code subjects PAD120: Political Science in UiTM Raub Campus in order to obtain the information of the study. The results found that majority of the students enjoyed playing this game and agreed that the innovation in teaching really helped them in understanding the subject and it has smoothened the learning process. Besides, it can enhance their general knowledge regarding political science. It is aligned with the aims of the Ministry of Higher Education Blueprint thus optimistically it will benefit all students regardless of their course, program, university or country as well as the public Keywords: game-based learning, political science subject, interactive learning
Scope
Education
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10. Paper ID 127.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
Using i-Learn for Online Assessment : Lecturers’ Perceptions
Main Authors Name
Chng Pei Eng
Co Authors
Muniroh bt Hamat, Ng Set Foong, Chew Yee Ming, and Mahanim bt Omar
Abstract
This paper describes a study carried out in Universiti Teknologi MARA to explore the lecturers’ perceptions of online assessment. A survey questionnaire was administered on a sample of 40 full-time Computer and Mathematical Sciences lecturers in October 2017. The survey items focus on seven dimensions: (1) affective factors, (2) validity, (3) practical issues, (4) reliability and fairness, (5) security, (6) pedagogy issues and (7) the intention to conduct online assessment. The aim of the survey was to investigate lecturers’ perceptions of using i-Learn as assessment tool and to analyze whether their perceptions differ based on their area of specialization. The findings of the survey indicate that i-Learn online assessment tool was under used and the lecturers’ intentions to conduct online assessment are still very low. Their main concern is generally due to the nature of the subject taught which they think it is not appropriate to be tested online. Besides that, issues related to system security, cheating in digital age, and multiple-choice type of test items were some factors that hindered them from adopting online assessment. Lastly, the paper concludes that i-Learn does not fully addressed the critical need of Computer and Mathematical Sciences lecturers in order for them to adopt and increase their use of online assessment in their courses. Furthermore, perhaps the training module for this group of lecturers should be redesigned to expose them how to design the new test items which can assess on the higher order thinking skills.
Scope
Education
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11. Paper ID 128.pdf
Published Year
2018
Volume
Volume 2
Title of paper
Creative Writings in Preparing Undergraduate Pharmacy Theses
Main Authors Name
Ibtisam Abdul Wahab
Co Authors
Hannis Fadzillah Mohsin
Abstract
Creative writing in preparing undergraduate pharmacy theses could be experienced when the students assimilate their knowledge in retail pharmacy by transcribing their experiences and understandings of the herbal products, subsequent to the attachment training. It is firstly anticipated that most herbal consumers are not mindful to the botanical designations of those species. Therefore, the students need to describe natural sources with the local descriptions. In their proposals, the literature would cover the scientific explorations of that native plantarum. Then, the students would be able to relay the information to the public, after such extensive readings in Semester Five. Fortunately, some foreign plant samples were not difficult to be investigated, due to their accessibility in the outlets. Nevertheless, the challenges are more concentrated on the modern therapeutic applications of those herbs, as compared to their utility in traditional practices. In Semester Six, the undergraduates’ examinations would be the laborious analysis of the extracts, since the ingredients are the active compounds, biosynthesized in plants. The thesis would include the write-up of their communication with the community, regarding the feedback of the current affairs in nutraceutical and pharmaceutical industries. Finally, the students’ creativity could be enhanced, when they are required to refer to various resources, in addition to the scientific journals and chemical databases. This includes referring to the holy text while studying the prophetic herbs and custom medicines. In summary, it is believed that creative writings and appraisals are essential in the teaching and learning process, and are significant in the career development of the future pharmacists.
Scope
Education
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vol3_no1.pdf
Published Year
2019
Volume
Volume 3
Title of paper
Awareness of Autism among Parents
Main Authors Name
Jaida Najihah Jamidin
Co Authors
Nur Irdina Izzati Zafarulhisham, Nur Solehah Abd Majid, Nur Syuhaida Daud
Abstract
Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid and repetitive behaviors. The aims of this study are to identify the awareness level of autism spectrum disorder among parents that have child with autism or non-autism and to investigate the relationship between the determinants (knowledge, role of government and community living) with the awareness of autism among parents by using ordinal regression analysis. The study reveals that majority of parents have a medium level of awareness about autism. While the rest, have an equal percentage which is 20% respectively for high and low level of awareness about autism. From this study, it can be concluded that there is a relationship between knowledge and government role with the level of awareness of autism among parents.
Scope
Education
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vol3_no10.pdf
Published Year
2019
Volume
Volume 3